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Luoyang Museum (the Epitome of Luoyang’s History)

Built in 1958, Luoyang Museum is the only comprehensive history museum in Luoyang. It shows the long history and culture of this ancient capital.

There, you can feel the historical charm of the city of Luoyang. It's definitely worth a visit. Read on to discover the highlights of Luoyang Museum.

  • Chinese: 洛阳博物馆 Luòyáng Bówùguăn /lor-yang bor-woo-gwann/ Luoyang Museum
  • Time needed: 2–3 hours
  • Popular activity: appreciate precious cultural relics
  • Must-sees: the bronze wine jug, white jade cup, tri-colored pottery horse, the stone winged lion, and tri-colored camel
  • Suited to: history lovers


exhibits in luoyang museumArtefacts displayed in luoyang Museum
  • Luoyang Museum has more than 400,000 cultural relics in its collections and more than 11,000 cultural relics on display. It is a good place to learn about Chinese history
  • Many ancient articles are displayed there, dating from prehistoric times to the Qing Dynasty (1644–1912 AD).
  • Many national treasures are exhibited to visitors. The splendid collection from the Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD) is particularly extraordinary.
  • Luoyang Museum is spacious and well organized. The exhibits are in clear and coherent displays. Most of the exhibits are explained in English, but we can’t vouch for the quality of the translations.

5 Popular Exhibits in Luoyang Museum

Luoyang Museum is the cultural landmark of Luoyang. It is huge and informative. It has two floors with nine galleries in different themes.

It has a wide variety of displays from history to art, including bronze wares, tri-color articles, pottery wares, stone inscriptions, calligraphies, and more. Over 1,000 exhibits ranging from prehistoric times to the Sui and Tang Dynasties are displayed there.

In terms of exhibits, you can focus on the bronze wares from the Shang and Xia Dynasties, painted potteries from the Han and Wei Dynasties, as well as tri-colored glazed potteries from the Tang Dynasty.

1. The Bronze Wine Jug

  • Chinese: 乳钉纹铜爵 Ru Ding Wen Tong Jue /roo ding wnn tong jwair/ ‘nipple nail pattern bronze jug’
  • Type: bronze ware
  • Era: Xia Dynasty (2100–1600 BC)

It is the earliest bronze ware found in China, and a national treasure. A jue (/jwair/) is an ancient wine jug with three legs and a loop handle.

In the Xia Dynasty, drinking wine was a privilege for the nobility. A bronze jue was a symbol of someone’s status.

A jue's typical features are a long, canal-like spout (流 liu /lyoh/ ‘flow’) and a shorter counterpart on the other side (尾 wei /way/ ‘tail’). This bronze jue has a long spout, pointed tail, slender waist, and oval bottom.

stone winged lion in luoyang museumThe Stone Winged Lion in Luoyang Museum

2. The Stone Winged Lion

  • Chinese: 石辟邪 Shi Bixie /shrr bee-sshyeah/ ‘stone bixie’
  • Type: stone sculpture
  • Era: Eastern Han Dynasty (25–220 AD)

A bixie is a mythical beast in China’s ancient legends. It is said it can ward off evil spirits and bring good luck. It looks like a lion with wings and it usually appears in tombs.

This sculpture was unearthed in 1992, and is 1.9 meters (6’3”) high, 2.97 meters (9’9”) long, 0.9 meters (3’) wide, and weighs more than 8 tonnes. It is the largest stone bixie found in China.

3. The White Jade Cup

  • Chinese: 白玉杯 Baiyu Bei /bye-yoo bay/ ‘white jade cup’
  • Type: jade article
  • Era: Wei Kingdom (220–265 AD)

This white jade cup was unearthed in 1956. It is a drinking vessel from imperial China. This cup is 11.5 cm (4½”) tall with a diameter of about 5 cm (2”).

The cup is carved from Hetian jade (Hetian is a city in Xinjiang Province, West China). The surface of the whole cup is very smooth with no patterns. It is designed in a concise style.

The white jade cup is exquisite and glamorous. It is one of the most popular and beloved articles in the museum.

4. The Tri-Colored Pottery Horse

  • Chinese: 唐代三彩黑釉马 Tangdai Sancai Heiyou Ma /tung-dye san-tseye hay-yo maa/ ‘Tang Dynasty 3-color black-glaze horse’
  • Type: tri-colored article
  • Era: Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD)

The tri-colored pottery horse was unearthed in 1971. People in the Tang Dynasty liked horses very much. The object is 73 cm (29”) tall and 84 cm (83”) long.

The ‘tri-colored’ pottery is not actually just three colors. In fact, the glaze coloring includes many colors but black coloring, like on this artifact, is rare.

This ‘tri-colored’ pottery horse is all in black, however, except for the face, mane, tail, and feet, which are white. It deserves a look.

tri-colored camelThe Tri-Colored Camel in Luoyang Museum

5. The Tri-Colored Camel

  • Chinese: 三彩骆驼 Sancai Luotuo /san-tseye lor-twor/ ‘3-color camel’
  • Type: tri-colored article
  • Era: Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD)

Tri-colored glazed pottery occupies an important historical position in Chinese culture. The tri-colored camel was excavated in 1981. It is 88 cm (2’11”) tall and 76 cm (2’6”) long.

The camel has raised its head and opened its mouth to roar. It's walking forward with a blanket, food, and silk on its back. This article reproduces a typical camel on the ancient Silk Road in China.

Travel Essentials for a Tour

  • Admission: free, but carry your passport to present at the ticket desk, where you are issued a free ticket
  • Open: 9am–5pm, Tuesdays to Sundays (Tickets are not issued after 4:30pm.)
  • Location: Nietai Road, Luolong District

How to Get to Luoyang Museum

It is about 11 kilometers (7 miles) from the Longmen Grottoes to Luoyang Museum, which is about half an hour’s drive, and about 7 kilometers (4 miles) from Luoyang Longmen Railway Station to Luoyang Museum.

If you travel with us, we will arrange a comfortable vehicle to save you from having to use inconvenient public transportation.

Nearby Attractions

  • The Longmen Grottoes: This site is one of the three most important grottoes in China due to its Buddhist sculptures and carvings.
  • Wangcheng Park: It is the biggest city park in Luoyang with many peony gardens.

“Discovery Your Way” in Luoyang with Us

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Luoyang is a famous historical and cultural city. Luoyang Museum demonstrates the colorful culture of the ancient capital. Meanwhile, the museum embraces modern exhibition techniques, giving new vitality to the exhibits and making them appear more exquisite and elegant.

You can explore the interesting museum with us to learn more about Luoyang’s history. Our guide will share his/her profound historical knowledge and offer a thoughtful service to you.

Contact us with your requirements, and we will give you a wonderful trip.