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Guiyang Facts

Name: Guiyang (贵阳; Guìyáng (/gway-yang/))
Meaning: South of Gui Mountain


  • Capital of Guizhou Province
  • Verdant vegetation
  • Relatively cool weather in summer
  • Transportation hub in Southwest China

The city provides inexpensive access to the ethnic cultural attractions and natural highlights of Guizhou Province.

  • Local food specialties: Guiyang beef noodle soup, silk babies (siwawa), hot pot
  • Most popular souvenirs and local products: ethnic Miao and Gejia silver jewelry, Yuping flutes, Yunwu Tea, Maotai liquor, and mineral and fossil specimens

Main Attractions

qianling lakeQianling Lake


The city of Guiyang was a garrison town during the Tang (618–907 AD) and Yuan (1271–1368 AD) eras, and now it is the capital of Guizhou Province.

  • 1283 The Mongols built up the city as an army base for the southwest part of the Yuan Empire.
  • 1735 A rebellion of the Miao people was defeated by the Qing colonists.
  • 1795 Another rebellion began. It lasted 11 years.


  • Significance of the city: It is an industrial city in the large, relatively undeveloped and sparsely populated Guizhou Province.
  • Nearby cities: Zunyi (119 km/74 mi), Anshun (90 km/55 mi), Chongqing (317 km/197 mi)
  • Municipality terrain: The city sits on a plateau and is on the bank of the Nanming River.
  • Average altitude: 1,275 meters (4,183 feet)
  • Main river: Nanming River

Location Information

  • Urban location: 26.51N to 26.69N, 106.6E to 106.72E, southwestern China.
  • Municipality Population: 4,324,561
  • Municipality Area: 8,034 sq km (3,101 sq mi)
  • Urban area: 2,403 sq km (928 sq mi)
  • Urban population: 2,500,000
  • Urban population density: 1,062/sq km (2,750/sq mi)
  • North to south distance of urban area: 19 km (11 mi)
  • East to west distance of urban area: 15 km (9 mi)
  • City center: (26.58N, 106.70E), at the intersection of Yanan West Road and Huansha Road


  • Average high temperature in August: 28.6 degrees Celsius (83.3 °F)
  • Average low temperature in January: 2.7 degrees Celsius (36.9 °F)
  • Humid subtropical cool climate with four seasons, humid, high-altitude, and foggy or cloudy often; annual precipitation: 1,120 mm (44 in)

    The city is known for mild winters, cool summers and comparatively little sunshine.


  • Average annual income: (2009) 24,585 RMB (3,637 USD)
  • Development: developing. The Guiyang area has cheap hydroelectric power and mines for several metals. It is a major aluminum producer and produces aluminum and steel products.
  • Industry: 54.2% tertiary industry (services, tourist industry), 40.7% secondary (steel, non-ferrous metallurgy, automobile), 5.1% primary (agriculture)
  • CBD: 26.58N, 106.7E
  • Shopping Streets: Zhonghua Road, Yanan Road


  • Guiyang Longdongbao International Airport is 11 kilometers or 25 minutes drive from the city center.
  • 1 outer ring expressway that goes to the airport
  • 4 regular railway lines
  • Bullet trains from/to Beijing, Shanghai, Changsha, Wuhan, Nanjing, Jinan, Nanchang, Zhengzhou, Xiamen, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Ningbo.
  • 4 expressways