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Well ensconced at the northeast of Inner Mongolia, Manzhouli enjoys the best of three worlds: China, Russia and Mongolia and becomes a very mixed urban city. Manzhouli shares borders with Xinganling on the east, Hulun Lake on the south, Mongolia on the west and Russia on the north. It covers an area of 730 square kilometers. The population of Manzhouli is three hundred thousand with Mongolia, Han and Russians and other ethnical groups which all tally up to more than twenty groups.
Manzhouli in Mongolian language means luxuriant spring water and it got its name from the railway station built here in 1901. It is a transliteration. The clear Hulun Lake with its immaculate ripples, the renowned hospitality of the Mongolian people and their exuberant nature make Manzhouli a very unique city with mixed charms.
Souvenirs here are almost all Russian crafts. Russian Otter, Sable, Fox-fur Hats and Coats, capes ,scarves, Russian watches, telescopes, Russian Etchings and Lamps, Clocks, matryoshka doll etc.
Manzhouli enjoys a temperate continental semi-arid climate, with four distinctive seasons. The temperature can fluctuate drastically from day to night. January is the coldest and July is the hottest. The spring in Hulunbeier is dry and windy with its summer hot and wet. Compared to cities in other provinces, the summer in Hulunbeier is cool with an average temperature in the neighborhood of 20 degrees. The frosty and cold days in autumn are common while the winter is long and cold. If you want to have a look at the snow-covered grassland view, it is well-advised that you come here from November to February.
The best time to come is June to September. July is a perfect time for you if you are a prairie-view lover. If you want to enjoy the autumn view, it is best to visit in September when the weather is neither too hot nor too cold and not too crowded with tourists.
Hulun lake is also called Chalai Nor and Dalai Nor. In Mongolian, the word "Dalai" means sea. Hulun Lake is located in the beautiful and vast Hulunbuir Plain, which is considered to be one of the world’s top three grasslands, and is known as China’s most unsullied grassland.
Hulun Lake covers about 2,339 square km (903 square miles). At its maximum length, the lake is 90 km (56 miles) long. The widest point of the lake is 27 km (17 mi) across. Two rivers flow into Hulun Lake. The Kerulen River flows from the west into it, while the Orxon River flows into the lake from the south. The smaller Lake Buyr drains into Lake Hulun through the Orxon River.
Hulun Lake has fish in plentiful numbers. There are over 30 species of fish living in it. The lake produces about 7,000 tons of fish and 100 tons of shrimp each year. In the spring, the fish swim down the Orxon River and lay their eggs in Hulun Lake. During the cold winter months, the fish migrate up the Orxon River to Lake Buyr.
The area also is home to a large number of bird species and plant species. There are nineteen species of rare birds protected by the state. Twenty-three birds of prey inhabit the steppes around the lake. About 428 medicinal herbs have been identified in the area.
Hulun Lake is a popular summer vacation destination for its cool climate, stunning scenery, and fresh air. The area is popular with birdwatchers, who are eager to see the swans, cranes, gulls, aigrettes, and wild ducks.
The city of Manzhouli lies on the border of China and Russia in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The city is a fusion of three cultures, but there is one landmark attraction that really features the combination of all three cultures — China, Russian, and Mongolia. It is the Matryoshka Doll Square. The square, the only one of its kind in China, features giant Matryoshka dolls, including the largest one in the world.
The square is also called Taowa Square, because taowa means Matryoshka doll in Chinese. The place's full Chinese name is Eluosi Taowa Guangchang (‘Russian Pottery Doll Square' 俄罗斯陶娃广场 /er-lwor-srr taoww-waa gwung-chung/). The square opened in 2006 and is located in a park between the city center and the border with Russia.
The 3,200-square-meter (34,000-square-foot) square has a host of over 200 oversized Matryoshka dolls, which are also known as nesting dolls. The largest one is 30 meters (100 feet) tall. This massive doll holds the Guinness World Record for the largest Matryoshka doll in the world. Inside of it, there is a Russian cuisine restaurant and a performance hall.
The dolls have a wide variety of figures painted on them in many styles. They have Russian, Chinese, and Mongolian girls painted on the outside of some.
Many of the dolls have portraits of personalities from all walks of life on them. There are sports stars like Michael Jordan. There are esteemed scientists, like Albert Einstein for one. The square also has dolls of political figures from Abraham Lincoln to Vladimir Lenin. The dolls have religious figures, such as Jesus, on them too. Some of the nesting dolls feature popular cartoon characters, such as Nemo and Bruce the shark from the popular children's movie "Finding Nemo." Several of the dolls represent different countries as well.
The airport is 9 kilometers from the city proper and operates lines to Beijing, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Harbin, and Huhehaote directly or indirectly.
National Highway 301 from Shuifenhe to Manzhouli by way of Harbin and Hailaer.