Top Six Landmarks in China
Every country has its landmark tourist attractions, and China is no exception. When mentioning China, what is the number one landmark that comes into your mind? Is it the Great Wall of China, the Forbidden City, or the Giant Panda Breeding Base?
The following list is the most famous Chinese landmarks, which are perfect places for your first-time China visit itinerary. If you are interested in them and plan to have a visit, you can consult us for details for free, and have us tailor-make a tour of China for you to include your favorite China highlights.
1. Mutianyu's "Mao Loyalty Ridge", the Best Place to See the Great Wall
The Great Wall, a star attraction in China, is a symbol of China, together with Tiananmen Square and the five stars or the Communist flag.
If you are planning to visit the Great Wall of China, the best section is at Mutianyu, a fully-restored with elegant scenery, less crowds, and good walking conditions. The most challenging section (very steep) is near the "Mao's Loyalty Ridge", taking about 30 minutes to climb the steps.
The landmark of Mutianyu's Great Wall section is the hill with a large stone inscription saying “忠于毛主席” (Be loyal to Chairman Mao), which was made in the Cultural Revolution period (1966-1976). Standing on the ridge, you can have a bird’s eye view of the Great Wall in this area.
Recommended tour: Day Trip to the Great Wall of Mutianyu Section of the Great Wall
2. The Forbidden City — the Largest Imperial Palace in the World
The Forbidden City (or the Palace Museum) is one of the must-visit attractions for travelers to China. It used to be an imperial palace in the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties. It has housed 24 emperors. Today, the palace is a large museum, housing thousands of historical relics.
The layout of this palace is strictly according to Chinese fengshui theory. China’s best-preserved imperial palace is the world’s largest ancient palatial structure (720,000 square meters, and more than 9,000 halls), and the essence and culmination of traditional Chinese architectural accomplishment.
Recommended tour: Four-Day Essence of Beijing Tour
3. The Terracotta Warriors Museum
Buried in 210 BC with the first Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, this breathtaking underground army of Xi’an is another star attraction in China. The Terracotta Warriors Museum, with three pits, covers an area of 22,780 square meters. Over 8,000 terracotta soldiers and horses, and more than 10,000 bronze weapons were unearthed in these three pits.
The Terracotta Warriors is First Emperor Qin’s Buried Battalions, about one kilometer from his mausoleum. The life-sized terracotta army is exhibited in the museum built at the site of archeological excavation. An interesting fact is that all the terracotta soldiers were made to face east towards Emperor Qin's enemies.
Recommended Tour: Two-Day Entombed Warriors Exposed Tour
4. Bifengxia Giant Panda Base — the Best Place to See the Giant Pandas
A landmark in wildlife preservation. China’s giant panda has become one of must-see attractions of China, alongside the Great Wall, the Terracotta Army, and the Li River. The best places to see the giant pandas are at the Bifengxia Giant Panda Base in Chengdu, where volunteer programs allowi close contact with the giant pandas.
The giant panda is an endangered animal. Due to deforestation and hunting (especially before the 1950s), the number of giant pandas was rapidly reduced. At present, this cuddly and lovable animal lives nowhere else in the world except China outside captivity, with only a little more than 1,000 in the world.
Recommended tour: Five-Day Chengdu Panda Tour
5. The 20 Yuan Bank Note Site — a Li River Landmark
As the fifth series of Chinese bank notes was issued, the Li River scenery printed on the back of the 20-yuan bill became a landmark of China. This image was taken at a site near Xingping Dock in Yangshuo. It is a part of the Li River cruise route. Your cruise ship will slow down there, so that you can feast your eyes on the landmark.
Renowned for its karst landforms, limestone cones, cylinders, and hills, the Li River has inspired countless Chinese poets and artists, and has been repeatedly depicted on the country’s newspapers and magazines.
Taking a cruise along the Li River and appreciating the graceful landscapes, cycling in the Yangshuo countryside with its idyllic scenery, and taking a bamboo raft to float on the green Yulong River (a branch of the Li River) will make your Guilin journey rejuvenating and memorable.
Recommended tour: Essence of Guilin & Li River Tour
6. Mount Qomolangma, or Mount Everest
Mount Qomolangma is a holy mountain for local Tibetan people. Mount Qomolangma or Everest is also a representative landmark of the Himalayas, Tibet, even China. This pyramid-shaped world record holder straddles the border of China and Nepal, with the north col located in Tingri, and the south col located in Nepal.
In the Mount Qomolangma area, there are over 40 mountains more than 7,000 meters. The magnificent scenery from the highest point of land (about 8,844 meters high), and the sense of achievement has attracted hundreds of mountaineers to conquer the summit since the first success in reaching the peak in 1953.
The best time for Everest mountaineering is during the period from early September to late October, before the windy season (from November to February).
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I updated this article on September 30, 2013
See all my travel articles