Shandong (山东, Shāndōng) is a coastal province in East China. It is situated at the lower reaches of the Yellow River, and it faces the Bohai Sea to the north and the Yellow Sea to the east.
Shandong Province has been important in Chinese history as the mouth of the Yellow River, the place of big battles, and the origin of much of China's religion and philosophy.
For tourists, Mount Tai, Qingdao, and the Confucian memorials and temples are the highlights. Jinan, the capital city, is only about 2 or 3 hours away from both Beijing and Shanghai by bullet train.
Features of Shandong
The natural attractions in Shandong Province are the best attractions. But tourists can enjoy visiting Qingdao and the capital city called Jinan as they see the sights and shop.
Mount Tai is the most popular tourist place in Shandong. People love the hike up what the ancients considered to be China's #1 Mountain. The emperors and rulers would ascend the heights to sacrifice to Shang Di ('the One above the emperor', the God of Heaven).
Laoshan Scenic Area is easy to get to since it is near Qingdao. There are winding walkways and stair climbing on the mountains.
Rizhao Scenic Area is on the coastline and has a beach and nature parks. See more Things to Do in Shandong.
Qufu is the birthplace of many Chinese philosophers such as Confucius and Mencius. In order to memorize these great sages, temples and cemeteries were built by local people. The most famous attractions are the Temple of Confucius (Kong Miao), the Tomb of Confucius (Kong Ling) and the Kong Family Mansion (Kong Fu). These were listed in the World Cultural Heritage list by UNESCO in 1994. See more about Shandong History and Culture.
Qingdao is the biggest city in Shandong and has a population of about 9 million. It has been called China's most livable city
Jinan is the second biggest city with a population of about 7 million. It is the capital of the province.
Enchanting Coastal Cities
Penglai, located at the northernmost tip of the Shandong Peninsula, is a charming city with a beautiful seascape.
Yantai, in the middle of Shandong Peninsular, around 200 kilometers away from Qingdao, is a coastal city with beaches.
The Penglai Fishing Light Festivalis also called the Festival of Fishermen or Sea Worship Festival. It was originally a festival to offer sacrifice to the sea and wish for peace, safety and good luck. Nowadays the festival has become a tourist event. People let off fireworks, dance, clang gongs and beat drums, and they release fishing lights or floating bottles on the sea.
The International Mount Tai Climbing Festival
The International Mount Tai Climbing Festival has been held in September every year. Besides climbing the mountain, there are also other events such as the exhibitions of paintings and calligraphy, bonsai, and root sculptures.
Shandong style cuisine is considered one of China's 8 Great Cuisines. It is noted for being fresh and salty with a lot of seafood dishes. Seafood of a grand variety is the specialty.
Shandong's Location in China
Shandong is a coastal province in East China that is west of the Korean Peninsula and Japan. It borders with Hebei Province to the northwest, which has Beijing at its center; Henan Province to the southwest, and Anhui Province and Jiangsu Province to the south.
As the juncture of North China and East China, the Yellow River Economic Belt and the Bohai Ring Economic Area, Shandong is a province of strategic economic significance in China.
Bullet train lines in Shandong are being built quickly. A new bullet train line links the big cities of Qingdao and Jinan East Railway Station (Jinan Xi Zhan 济南西站) in an hour. Bullet trains travel between Jinan West Station (Jinan Dong Zhan 济南东站) and Shanghai Hongqiao Station in about 4 hours. More about Shandong Transportation.
Our Most Popular Shandong Tours
Classic Wonders is our most popular itinerary in recent years (find out why), and as an extension to this tour, we can take you to see the sights you want around Shandong.
- Classic Wonders — Beijing, Shanghai, Xi'an and Guilin in 11 days. We can add Shandong and Lu Cuisine restaurants to the itinerary.
- The Golden Triangle — our 8-day private Beijing–Xi'an–Shanghai itinerary has also been very popular over 20 years. We can add Shandong.
All our tours are modifiable. If you want something very personalized, we have just the service for you — Create your own trip.