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Chongqing Facts

Chongqing Facts

Written by Kelly PangUpdated Aug. 31, 2023
Chongqing view

Name: Chongqing (重庆; Chóngqìng (/chong-ching/)
Meaning: "repeated celebration"
Previous names: Jiang, Yu, Gong


  • One of the biggest municipalities in the world
  • Big inland port on the Yangtze River above the Three Gorges Dam
  • Heavy industry center that utilizes the power from the Three Gorges Dam

Main Attractions



The city sits at the confluence of the Jialing River and Yangtze River. The rivers made it China's biggest port city in the southwestern region.

  • 316 BC The Qin Empire conquered the area.
  • 1891 The city was opened to foreigners.
  • 1997 The government merged Chongqing with several surrounding districts and made Chongqing a very large municipality. The Three Gorges Dam opened.


  • Significance of city: It is an inland port city far inland, and access to cheap power and cheap labor makes the city a leader in heavy industry.
  • Nearby cities: Chengdu (268 km/166 mi), Guiyang (306 km/190 mi), Zunyi (192 km/119 mi)
  • Municipality terrain: the city sits on many hills on the Sichuan plain at the confluence of the Jialing River and Yangtze River.
  • Average altitude: 237 meters (778 feet)
  • Main rivers: Yangtze River, Jialing River

Location Information

  • Municipality Location: 28 °10'N to 32 °13'N, 105 °17'E to 110 °11'E; southwestern China
  • City location: 29.33N, 106.34E
  • Municipality Population: 28,846,170
  • Municipality Area: 82,401 sq km (31,815 sq mi)


Fairy Hill Glassland
  • Average highest temperature in August: 34 °C (93 °F)
  • Average lowest temperature in January: 6 °C (42 °F)
  • Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate; annual precipitation: 1,140 mm (45 in). The city is known for hot and humid summers and smog.


  • Average annual income: 23,909 RMB (3,554 USD)
  • Development: developing; the government plans to make Chongqing and Chengdu develop quickly.
  • Industry: 37.9% tertiary industry (services), 52.8% secondary (heavy industry: mainly automobiles, steel, aluminium and military equipment), 9.3% primary (agriculture, mining)
  • CBD: Central Park (31.31N, 120.66E) in the Suzhou CBD
  • Shopping streets: Jiefangbei Pedestrian Street, Shapingba Three Gorges Walking Street, Guanyinqiao Walking Street


  • 3 line metro system (a fourth line is scheduled to be opened in 2012)
  • 5 regular railroad lines pass through the city.
  • 1 ring road expressway
  • Yangtze River cruises to Wuhan or Shanghai are popular for sightseeing.
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