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Mount Everest is located on the border between Nepal and Tibet, China. It's the world's highest mountain with Tibetan name Chomolungma and Nepalese name Sagarmatha.
The Nepal side is the south side of Mount Everest — the most popular side for summit ascents. The Nepal side is Sagarmatha National Park, containing one of the most popular trekking routes in the Himalayas — the Everest Base Camp Trail.
Trekkers usually fly to Kathmandu and then fly to Lukla at 2,840 m (9,300 ft) and start the 7-day trek to Everest Base Camp (EBC).
Because of the lower altitude and southwest monsoon, the scenery along the way is more colorful than on the China side. You can see temperate hillside forests, ravines, the red earth of terraced farms, and small villages surrounded by huge mountains.
When you reach 3,800m (12,500 ft) at Khumjung, you can see different highland scenery of bare rock and earth above the snow line surrounded by snow-capped. The excitement mounts as Mount Everest draws near.
The sunset is the biggest highlight from Nepal side. The sun reflects off the summit in a stunning picture of gold and pink light on white snow.
You can hire a 4WD or trek to the base camp, or you can take a helicopter to overlook the scenery. You are suggested to hire a Sherpa as a porter as well as a guide.
Nepal's Everest Base Camp is at an altitude of 5,320m (17,500 ft). Many climbers and travelers camp there, and the colorful small tents and yellow-roofed huts make a special picture in the otherwise gray/white landscape of the Khumbu Icefall.
Small villages on the way offer beds and food for quite a high price. There is a starred hotel in Khumjung at 3,880m (12,700 ft). From Hotel Everest View viewing deck, you can see the summits of Mount Everest and Lhotse.
There is less choice of food on the way to Mount Everest. Most is Nepalese food: fried rice, small potatoes, or fried noodles at quite a high price.
The Khumbu Icefall is unstable and treacherous on the way up to Base Camp I. Helicopter rescue/transfer is available. Inexperienced mountaineers are not advised to go this far.
The China side is the north side of Mount Everest. For foreign travelers, a Tibet Entry Permit and Aliens' Travel Permit are required by the Chinese government.
Foreign travelers are required to travel to Mount Everest on a Chinese travel agency itinerary with a Tibetan tour guide.
Mount Everest's China side is a kilometer-wide U-shaped valley area. The sunset at Mount Everest is one of the top highlights of the China side. The sun setting from the west shines on the summit, making a golden triangle.
There is plenty of beautiful scenery to enjoy and Tibetan culture to experience on the way to Everest in Tibet.
You can fly to Lhasa from major cities in China, or take a train via Xining. Hiring a 4WD from Lhasa to Rongbuk Monastery, 5,100 m (16,700 ft), is a popular choice. The road condition is good from Lhasa to Tingri.
Everest Base Camp China-side is at a slightly lower altitude of 5,200 m (17,060 ft). There is a China Post Office and you can send a postcard to your friends or yourself with the Mount Everest Base Camp postmark.
There are EBC tent hostels for travelers and climbers, offering beds and food. Guesthouses around Rongbuk Monastery also provide rooms for travelers. Most offer simple Chinese food.
The nearest hospital is 5 hours away in Tingri for emergencies, and there is no helicopter rescue. If you suffer severe altitude sickness, tell your guide, and retreat to a lower altitude. Often a relatively small reduction in altitude will allay symptoms. Bring your altitude medicine.
No matter from which side you go to Mt. Everest:
If you are planning a tour to Mount Everest, please see our most popular tour below for inspiration: