Guangdong Province is a coastal province in southeast China. It holds the Pearl River Delta and Hong Kong nestles in the center of its South China Sea coast.
Guangdong Province has been important in Chinese history as a major international trading center with much foreign influence and presence. It is China's most populous province with and estimated 100 to 110 million people in 2019.
- Chinese: 广东 Guǎngdōng /gwung-dong/ 'Vast East'
- Guangdong Travel Restrictions
- 6 Things Guangdong Is Famous For
- What Languages Are Spoken in Guangdong?
Guangdong Travel Restrictions
Guangdong is conditionally open (COVID restrictions apply) and can be visited by foreign travelers. If you are planning a trip to Guangdong and want to know more details, please contact us.
What you will need to visit:
6 Things Guangdong Is Famous For
Guangdong Province is China's center for commodities manufacturing. Especially in Guangzhou and Shenzhen, inexpensive electronics, clothing, computers, and thousands of other products are on sale in the huge markets and thousands of shops. You will find everything you are interested in, from bustling wholesale markets to luxury malls and from handicraft souvenirs to famous brands of clothing. See more on Guangzhou shopping and Shenzhen Shopping
2) Cantonese Cuisine
Cantonese cuisine is the most famous of the ‘China's Eight Great Cuisines’. It has the characteristics of clearness, freshness, coolness, tenderness, and smoothness. A Cantonese cuisine chef is required to master how to expertly control the food’s heat and oil temperature .
As the majority of Chinese restaurants around the world were opened by Cantonese-speaking (Guangdong or Hong Kong) chefs, Cantonese cuisine is the most popular Chinese cuisine in the world.
Cantonese cuisine uses a great variety of ingredients including everything from snakes to cats. People jokingly say that in Guangdong, everything that walks, flies, crawls, or swims is edible.
3) The Cantonese Language
Cantonese is spoken in most parts of Guangdong, as well as in Hong Kong, Macau, and neighboring Guangxi Region. Cantonese is the third most spoken language in Canada, the third most spoken language in the United States, and the fourth most spoken language in Australia. It is spoken by an estimated 100 million people worldwide.
4) The Canton fair
The China Import and Export Fair, which is held in April/May and October/November each year and attracts hundreds of thousands of people from all over the world, is honored as "China's Number One Exhibition".
See more on the Top Trade Fairs in China.
Many influential celebrities and famous people came from Guangdong: Ip Man, Sun Yat-sen, etc.
5) Landmark Constructions
Guangdong’s engineering wonders include the twisting Canton Tower — home to the world’s third-highest observation center and tallest observation wheel; the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge — the longest sea-crossing bridge in the world; Guangzhou Opera House — designed by Zaha Hadid Architects; the Kaiping watchtowers — a complex and characterful fusion of Chinese and Western structural and decorative forms, etc.
What Languages Are Spoken in Guangdong
Apart from Mandarin and English that are taught in schools, there are three major language families in Guangdong: Cantonese, the Teochew (Chaoshan) dialect, and the Hakka dialect.
Cantonese is spoken by around 67 million people in Guangdong. In Guangzhou, Guangdong’s capital, 80% of people speak Cantonese. On the one hand, Cantonese inherits and retains some characteristics of ancient Chinese, on the other hand, it also absorbs some southern dialects, these dialects are quite different from Mandarin, Chaoshan dialect and Hakka dialect.
The Chaoshan area dialect is mainly spoken in the southeastern area of Guangdong around Chaozhou and Shantou. Geographically, it is closer to Fujian Province than to Guangzhou and is a Minnan (South Fujian) dialect.
Join our 3-Day Chaozhou and Shantou Tour to expirence the special culture in this area.
Compared with Teochew (Chaoshan) dialect, Hakka, another minority language in Guangdong, is closer to Cantonese, and is concentrated around Meizhou (Mei County) in the northeast, though the most famous Hakka people live across the border in Fujian.
Guangdong has a humid subtropical to tropical climate marked by high temperatures and plentiful rainfall. It has long, hot, wet summers and short, mild, dry winters.
The best time to visit is autumn for pleasant conditions, as it’s drier than spring and has much less rainfall than the summer. See more on Guangdong Weather.
Guangdong Province is in the southeast of China, and Guangzhou, its capital city, serves as the major transportation hub for south China, with Shenzhen an increasingly close second. As one of the most prosperous provinces in China, Guangdong Province is conveniently accessible by air, railway, highway, and water.
There are many airports in Guangdong Province. Guangzhou and Shenzhen are the major two, with international flights to every major city in the world and China. Hong Kong’s major international airport is just over the border as is Macao.
Bullet train lines from Guangdong to the rest of China are extensive and continue being built rapidly. Guangzhou and Shenzhen are connected to dozens of major cities by high-speed trains.
- Beijing – Guangzhou High-Speed Trains to Beijing West Railway Station (北京西站 Běijīng Xī Zhàn /bay-jing sshee jan/) takes just 8 hours.
- Shanghai – Guangzhou Bullet Trains to Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station (上海虹桥站 Shànghǎi Hóngqiáo Zhàn /shung-hi hong-chyao jan/) takes about 7 hours.
Transportation from Hong Kong to Guangdong
The Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong High-Speed Railway was opened to traffic in 2018. Terminating at Hong Kong West Kowloon Station north of West Kowloon Cultural District, it is connected to the MTR Tung Chung Line and Airport Express Line at Kowloon Station and the West Rail Line at adjacent Austin Station.A Hong Kong West Kowloon Station (香港西九龙火车站) to Guangzhou journey takes about 47 minutes to an hour.
144-Hour Visa-Free Travel Throughout Guangdong
You could take advantage of Guangdong's 144-hour visa-free travel policy. Guangzhou Baiyun Airport, Shenzhen Bao’an Airport, and Jieyang Chaoshan Airport issued the 6-day visa-free passes to eligible nationalities on international transfers.
More about Guangdong Transportation.
Guangdong's Popular Tourist Cities
Guangzhou — a Great Gateway for Your First China Trip
Guangzhou is the largest city and capital of Guangdong and China's third largest city. It provides great convenience for travel.
Guangzhou is a southern city with a sense of both history and modernity. Besides the super-modern towers, there is European-style architecture and Lingnan (medieval ‘south China’) characteristics in the arcades, teahouses, and snack streets. Guangzhou is the center of commodities manufacture, and the Canton Fair is held in Guangzhou every year. It is a shopping paradise, and enjoying the authentic Cantonese food is a must-do.
Top things to do:
- Go to Shamian Island to experience the cultural fusion.
- Take a gastronomic adventure at Shangxiangjiu Pedestrian Street.
- Have a fun family time in Chimelong’s theme parks.
Shenzhen — Window on a New China
Shenzhen is a young, active, and creative city. Following China’s ‘reform and opening up’, it transformed from a tiny fishing village to China's Silicon Valley at incredible speed. Shenzhen is more than an urban Cinderella tale, it is the microcosm of China's thriving growth.
Top things to do:
- Visit the world's largest electronic market to learn about the city's influence and potential.
- Discover Shenzhen’s skyscrapers and imagine that the view below used to be small villages just 30 years ago.
- Enjoy shopping in Shenzhen.
Chaozhou — Seek the Authentic Flavor of Guangdong
Chaozhou is a good place to learn about the culture of Guangdong. There is an old saying: "If you haven't been to Chaozhou, you haven't really been to Guangdong."
Chaozhou was an important gateway city on the medieval Maritime Silk Road, and there remain lots of historic buildings and cultural landmarks. Chaozhou cuisine is well known in China as one of the most important branches of Cantonese cuisine.
Top things to do:
- Have a city walk to visit Chaozhou’s historic architecture such as Guangji Bridge, Kaiyuan Temple, and Huang Jilue Temple.
- Taste Chaozhou kung fu tea and watch Chaozhou opera in a teahouse in Chaozhou Old Town.
- Go to Baishi Garden to see various exhibitions of traditional crafts and try Chaozhou embroidery yourself.
Recommended tour: 3 Days Chaozhou and Shantou Tour
Foshan — Hometown of Martial Arts
Foshan is the birthplace of nanquan (the southern style of martial arts). Famous martial arts masters Ip Man and Fei-hung Wong were from Foshan. It is also the birthplace of Cantonese opera. Shunde, enjoying the epithet "City of Gastronomy", is also located there.
Top things to do:
- Learn kung fu with a local master to better understand the spirit of southern martial arts.
- Visit Ancestor Temple to see excellent architectural art and learn about the rich folk culture of Foshan.
- Satisfy your taste buds in Shunde. Shunde is the birthplace of Cantonese cuisine.
Check out for the Foshan tour
Shantou — Explore Traces of Modern China
Shantou was one of the earliest trading ports open to Western powers and one of the earliest special economic zones in the People's Republic of China. British-built villas, French-built churches, and traditional wooden storefronts and walkways are witnesses of its history.
Top things to do:
- Take a stroll in Shantou Small Park — the landmark of Shantou. There is large architectural complex of the Republic of China era (1912–1947).
- Visit Chen Cihuang’s Former Residence to see the home of“the richest man in Chaozhou and Shantou”, a navigator/trader who lived 1843–1921.
- Relax in Nan’ao Island and learn about the life of an island fisherman.
Jiangmen — Unique Countryside Scenery
Diaolou (watchtowers) and hot springs are the highlights of Jiangmen. You will see diaolou ascending from the rice paddies around the city.
Diaolou were built in stone to provide a refuge and keep a look out for bandits and pirates. Diaolou were created by returning Chinese immigrants from their interpretations of Western-style strongholds.
Jiangmen is also Guangdong’s homeland of hot springs. It has the first geothermal national geopark in China. The hot springs there have good water quality.
Top things to do:
- Visit Zili Village (自力村) and Jinjiangli Village (锦江里村) to see diaolou in Kaiping.
- Enjoy a cozy hot spring in Enping.
- Visit Li Garden. It is a private garden that took a wealthy overseas Chinese ten years to build.
Recommended tour: 3-Day Kaiping and Foshan Tour
Discover the New Guangdong Your Way with Us!
Due to Guangdong's sheer size, if you have time constraints such as 72-hour or 144-hour visa-free entry, we could help tailor your tour to do what you wish enjoyably and efficiently.
These well designed tours will help you explore specific aspects of Guangdong culture:
- 3 Days Chaozhou and Shantou Tour
- 3 Days Kaiping and Foshan Tour
- The Grand Foodies Tour across China starts in Beijing and goes to Guangzhou.
- See more Guangzhou tours
See more Guangzhou tours.
All our tours are modifiable — we’re experts at personalizing trips.