Name: Luoyang (洛阳; Luòyáng /luo-young/)
Meaning: 'flowing sunshine'
Previous names: Zhenxun, Western Bo, Chengzhou, Luoyang, Luoyi, Luozhou, Dongdu (Eastern Capital), Xijing (Western Capital), Jingluo (Supreme Capital)
- One of the 4 or 5 main capital cities of the ancient empires
- On the central plains near the Yellow River
- Luoyang Peony Fair is held from April to May every year
- Ancient sites, parks and gardens
- The Longmen Grottoes are a UNESCO World Heritage site.
- Longmen Grottoes, Museum of the Imperial Carriages of the Emperor of the Zhou Dynasty, White Horse Temple, Luoyang Old Town District, The National Peony Garden, Luoyang Museum
- Most popular souvenirs and local products: Tang-style Tri-colored Glazed Pottery, Plum Jade, bamboo curtains, Luoyang-style embroidery
- Local food specialties: Luoyang Water Banquet, Zhangji Roasted Chicken
Luoyang was said to be a capital city for the Xia Dynasty in 2070 BC. The area had a capital city of the Shang Empire, Western Zhou Empire, Eastern Zhou Empire, Eastern Han Empire, Wei Empire, Jin Empire, Northern Wei Empire, Tang Empire, the Northern Song Empire, and several minor countries.
- 510 BC The Eastern Zhou Dynasty established their capital on the site.
- 25 AD The city became the capital of the Eastern Han Empire.
- 68 One of the first known Buddhist temples of the Han era, White Horse Temple, was built in Luoyang.
- 493 The Northern Wei Dynasty established it as their capital city.
- 493 People started to build the Longmen Grottoes.
- 904 Luoyang became the secondary capital of the Tang Empire.
- 2000 The Longmen Grottoes were included in the UNESCO heritage list.
- Significance of the town: The city is at the confluence of the Luo River and Yi River, and this spot was once considered the center of the land. It was the capital or co-capital of many empires.
- Nearby cities: Zhengzhou (103 km/64 mi), Xi'an (376 km/234 km), Taiyuan (420 km/260 mi)
- Municipality terrain: The city is on the banks of two rivers and is near the Yellow River. Around the city, there are mountains and hills, but the city is in a lowlands.
- Average altitude: 144 meters (472 feet)
- Main rivers: Luo River, Yi River
- Municipality location: east central China.
- Municipality population: (2010) 6,500,000
- Municipality area: 15,492 sq km (5,981 sq mi)
- Urban area: 4,304 sq km (1,661 sq mi)
- Urban population: 1,500,000
- Urban population density: 349/sq km (902/sq mi)
- North to south distance of main urban area: 13 km (8 mi)
- East to west distance of main urban area: 19 km (12 mi)
- City center: at Luoyang Ducheng Museum (34.68N, 112.46E)
- Average high temperature in June: 32.7 °C degrees Celsius (90.9 °F)
- Average low temperature in January: -4 °C degrees Celsius (25 °F)
- Continental, monsoon-influenced climate with four seasons; annual precipitation: 602 mm (24 in)
The city is known for hot and rainy summers and dry, cold winters.
- Average annual income: 36,260 RMB (5,700 USD)
- Development: developing; the city administrates a rapidly growing heavy industry region.
- Industry: 20.2% tertiary industry (service, tourist industry), 77.4% secondary (heavy industry), 2.4% primary (agriculture)
- Shopping Streets: Luoyang Ancient Street, Xinduhui Business Center, Wanda Plaza
- Luoyang Beijiao Airport is a domestic airport that is about 13 kilometers from the city center.
- 2 regular railway lines
- 1 regular train station