Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival
The Mid-Autumn Festival is celebrated in many East Asian communities. In China, it's a reunion time for families, just like Thanksgiving, while in Vietnam, it's more like a children's day.
The Mid-Autumn Festival is also called the Moon Festival or the Mooncake Festival. It traditionally falls on the 15th day of the eighth month in the Chinese lunar calendar, which is in September or early October in the Gregorian calendar.
The Mid-Autumn Festival is the second most important festival in China after Chinese New Year. Chinese people celebrate it by gathering for dinners and lighting paper lanterns.
- Name in Chinese: 中秋节 Zhōngqiūjié /jong-chyoh-jyeah/ 'middle autumn festival'
- 2021 date: Tuesday, September 21st. See the Mid-Autumn Festival Dates.
- How it began: moon worship, over 3,000 years
- Must-eat food: mooncake
- Popular activities: admiring the full moon, eating mooncakes, traveling
- Greetings: The simplest is "Happy Mid-Autumn Festival" (中秋快乐 'Mid-Autumn happy').
Read another 10 Interesting Mid-Autumn Facts.
How the Chinese Celebrate Mid-Autumn Festival
The common customs of the Mid-Autumn Festival include family members eating dinner together, just like a Thanksgiving dinner, sharing mooncakes, worshiping the moon with gifts, displaying lanterns, and regional activities.
In Hong Kong, a unique annual fire dragon show is held in the Tai Hang neighborhood during the Mid-Autumn Festival.
The special Mid-Autumn Festival customs of China's ethnic minorities are also very interesting.
- Mid-Autumn Festival Greetings (10 Beautiful Chinese Sayings)
- The Top 10 Mid-Autumn Festival Traditions
- 8 Things You Might Not Know about the Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival
- The 5 Most Popular Mid-Autumn Festival Gifts
Mid-Autumn Holiday Getaway With China Highlights
The festival has long been a statutory day for a public holiday in mainland China. Chinese people increasingly love to travel during their holidays to escape from the busy days. See the 9 Best Places to Celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival to get inspiration for your vacation.
Alternatively, book in advance and let somebody in the know, like China Highlights, help you to create your trip so that you avoid the crowds.
How the Mid-Autumn Festival Is Celebrated in Asian Countries
In many East Asian communities, the Mid-Autumn Festival is widely celebrated. Many interesting activities with unique local features are held.
In Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines – three countries with many ethnic Chinese citizens – the celebrations are more Chinese, such as lighting lanterns and dragon dances.
In other countries, such as Japan, South Korea, and Vietnam, which have also been influenced deeply by Chinese culture, new celebrations have been derived from their unique cultures. Read about them below:
Why the Moon Festival Is Celebrated
In the past, the Moon Festival was celebrated at harvest time. Ancient Chinese emperors worshiped the moon in autumn to thank it for the harvest. The ordinary people took the Mid-Autumn Festival to be a celebration of their hard work and harvest. Nowadays, people mainly celebrate the Moon Festival as a time for family reunions. Read about the Mid-Autumn Festival Origins.
When the Moon Festival Become a Festival
The Mid-Autumn Festival has a history of over 3,000 years. It was derived from the custom of moon worshiping during the Shang Dynasty (c.1600–1046 BC). After that, it was first celebrated as a national festival during the Northern Song Dynasty (960–1127).
People have long believed that worshiping the moon and eating together around a round table will bring them good luck and happiness.
- The Mid-Autumn Festival History
- Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival Legends
- Easy and Popular Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival Poems
The Top 5 Cities in China for Mid-Autumn Festivities
People in different cities have different customs and preferred places to enjoy this public holiday in September. Click the links to discover how the Mid-Autumn Festival is celebrated in these major China cities:
- Mid-Autumn Festival in Beijing
- Mid-Autumn Festival in Shanghai
- Mid-Autumn Festival in Hong Kong
- Mid-Autumn Festival in Hangzhou
- Mid-Autumn Festival in Guangzhou
For recommended Mid-Autumn Festival locations, see The 9 Best Places to Celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival in China.
What the Chinese Eat for Mid-Autumn Festival
Mooncakes are the must-eat Mid-Autumn food in China. They are a traditional Chinese pastry. Chinese people see in the roundness of mooncakes a symbol of reunion and happiness.
Other foods eaten during the festival are harvest foods, such as crabs, pumpkins, pomeloes, and grapes. People enjoy them at their freshest, most nutritious, and auspicious meanings are particularly associated with round foods.
Festival food traditions are also changing. The younger generation have their own ideas about what should be eaten. Most of them don't like mooncakes, and prefer to eat what they like.
Read more on The Top 10 Mooncake Flavors Westerners Might Like.