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The Great Wall of China is the country's most important historic monument and national symbol. However, natural influences and human activity have severely threatened the structure of the Great Wall.
The Chinese government put the “Great Wall Protection Ordinance” into effect in 2006. The Chinese government and the public are becoming increasingly concerned with the protection and restoration of the Great Wall.
Natural factors that have negatively affected the Great Wall include thousands of years of sunshine, rain, wind, storms, mudslides, and earthquakes.
Human activities cause considerable damage to the Great Wall. The nearby residents take bricks and stones from the Great Wall for their own use, such as building enclosures for their livestock. Some sections of the Great Wall were even cut away to build highways or railways.
The development of tourism has also brought harm to the Great Wall. For example, farmhouses and other public facilities have been built at the foot of the wall. Some sections were altered to cater to other uses instead of being preserved.
Some tourists vandalize the Great Wall with graffiti, throwing rubbish on it, and other damaging behaviors. Moreover, the Great Wall suffered grave damage during previous wars.
The Great Wall has been severely damaged throughout the course of many years, but now the Chinese government is dedicated to protecting and restoring it.
A protective forest belt should be established on the deserts and plains to decrease the damage from storms.
The waterproof layers should be repaired and waterproofing agent sprayedon the Great Wall to protect it from rain.
The government is urging the public to protect and improve the environment so as to reduce acid rain, which is a big problem for the Great Wall.
What's more, the government has enacted regulations to prohibit grazing and other negative behaviors on the Great Wall.
The government has strengthened edits efforts to educate nearby residents that taking bricks and other materials from the Great Wall is prohibited. It's trying to ensure that the construction of roads and other public facilities circumvent the Great Wall.
It is strengthening the implementation of these regulations to protect the Great Wall. If tourists drop litter, are caught doing graffiti, or other destructive activities, they may receive a harsh punishment.
Both human activities and natural influences can cause irreparable damage to the Great Wall, so we should do our best to protect it instead of ruining it.
The Great Wall is the symbol of China and, when planning a trip to China, visiting the Great Wall is a must. See our sample Great Wall itineraries for inspiration:
If you are not interested in the above tours, please contact us. We can help you to tailor-make your own Great Wall tour based on your interests and requirements.