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Shanghai is well known for being China's most populous and international city. For those living and traveling in Shanghai, the city abounds with both rich history and modern marvels. This unique setting allows for Shanghai's citizens and travelers with an interest in the Islamic faith to worship at Mosques that range from thousands or years old to fairly modern. Let's take a look at the Mosques of Shanghai.
History: It is the oldest mosque in Shanghai. You can see a mixture of Islamic and Chinese architecture due to the history and culture it has stood a part of since the last years of the Yuan Empire (1271-1368).
Attractions: Tourists looking to get outside the city center may enjoy the peaceful gardens of Songjiang Mosque at any time of the year. The atypical architecture means you won't see the traditional domed ceiling, but the unique aspects of Chinese influence on ancient Islamic styles is an interesting sight for those with a penchant for design. Visitors should be aware that this is a practicing mosque, though women are not asked to wear headscarves upon entry. Muslim visitors will be able to participate in prayers with the locals, walk the gardens, and pay respects at the historical cemetery.
Location: 43 Middle Part of Middle Mountain Road, Songjiang District, Shanghai. 松江清真寺, 上海市松江区中山中路43号. Or 21 Gangbeng Alleyway, Songjiang District. 松江区缸甏巷21号. The mosque’s lot has both addresses. Taxi fare from central Shanghai is about 150 RMB or 23 USD. If you choose to take the subway the mosque is located very near to the metro station Zuibaichi on line 9.
History: The Xiaotaoyuan Mosque is the largest mosque in Shanghai. It was first built in 1917 and then rebuilt in 1925. The mosque has been home to many Islamic schools throughout its existence and has contributed to the religious education of many Chinese Muslims throughout history.
Attractions: Visitors can enjoy the architecture and atmosphere of this grand and historic mosque up close. There is also a large amount of restaurants and food vendors nearby offering Halal options such as roasted lamb kebabs. For Muslim visitors, the mosque contains a spacious courtyard, grand prayer hall, and can hold up to 500 people during prayer times. The second and third floors hold a library and reading room that store different versions of the Koran as well as Islamic cultural relics.
Location: 52 Xiaotaoyuan Street, Nanshi District, Shanghai (上海南市区小桃园街52号). You can show this address to the taxi driver or walk from Laoximen (老西门) metro stop.
History: The Shanghai Huxi Mosque is the first rebuilt mosque in Shanghai after the establishment of the Peoples' Republic of China. It demonstrates a strong Arabic/Islamic architectural style with traditional grounds and interior.
Attractions: Visitors to the mosque will enjoy viewing the teaching room and guesthouse. There are fountains in the front and back of the yard which make for a quiet and elegant atmosphere. Muslim visitors will be able to worship alongside local Chinese muslims and view the Islamic materials the mosque maintains.
Location: 3 Lane, 1328 Changde Road, Putuo District, Shanghai (上海市普陀区常德路1328弄3). You can show this address to the taxi driver. The nearest metro stop is Changshoulu Station (长寿路).
History: The Shanghai Pudong Mosque was first built in 1935, and the now rebuilt temple was expanded in 1935 by the Chinese government. The newly built mosque now covers an area of 1,650 square meters.
Attractions: Located in Pudong District, this mosque offers easy access for tourists. Inside visitors can find shops selling Islamic study materials and even Halal food items. The temple boasts a spacious courtyard and prayer hall, which can hold about 500 people during prayer.
Location: 375 Yuansheng Road, Pudong District, Shanghai (上海市浦东新区源深路375号). You can show this address to the taxi driver. You can also reach this mosque through the 975 bus line. The nearest metro station is Yuan Shen Road Station on Line 6.
History: The Fuyou Road Mosque was first built during the ninth year of Tongzhi during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). The mosque was once the political, religious, and cultural center for Muslims in the area.
Attractions: Visitors entering the mosque will be able to explore a spacious, rectangular courtyard. The unique prayer hall resembles the Chinese palace-style of architecture. For Muslim visitors the expansive prayer hall holds many lectures which are open to internationals.
Location: 378 Fuyou Road, Shanghai (上海市福佑路378号). You can show this address to a taxi driver. This mosque is also located near the Yu Garden Metro Stop.