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Beijing was the first Chinese city to be equipped with a subway station in 1971. At the start of 2019, it has 22 subway lines, 391 subway stations, and 637 kilometers (396 miles) of track. Ridership varies between 9.8 and 11.6 million per day on an average week.
Beijing's subway network currently has 22 subway lines, which make traveling within Beijing extremely convenient. One of the most useful subway lines is the Airport Express line running from Beijing International Capital Airport to Dongzhimen via Sanyuanqiao. Currently, some of the lines are being extended further into Beijing's growing suburbs.
The language barrier is not an issue as the signs are all in English, so you can plan exactly where you are going.Taking the subway is generally easier for tourists than taking taxis for that reason.
Taking a subway train is the fastest form of transportation in Beijing to avoid the frequent traffic jams on the roads.
Taking a subway train is a great way to get to train stations. It is reliable and the subway stations are generally located so that you are instantly within the same building as the train station. Getting taxis can cause a delay and slow you down. You'll find Beijing Railway Station on Line 2, Beijing South Railway Station on Line 4, Beijing West Railway Station on Line 9, Beijing North Railway Station and Xizhimen Station on Lines 2, 4, and 13, and Huangcun Railway Station on the Daxing Line.
It’s cheap! It costs 3 yuan to travel the shortest distance on one line, 9 yuan for the longest journey on one line, and 25 yuan for the Airport Express line. Passengers can also pay using a Beijing Transportation Smart Card: 一卡通(similar to an Oyster card in London or an Octopus card in Hong Kong), which also costs 3 yuan per journey. This will be deposit free in 2019, according to the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Press and Publication.See How to See Beijing's Top Attractions by Subway.
Exits: Generally speaking, each subway stop has four exits in four directions. Passengers should choose the most convenient exit, to avoid crossing roads on the surface, by reading the signage at the crossings of passageways. Most entrances are not wheelchair friendly as they either have stairs or escalators. For those unable to climb stairs, taking the subway in Beijing is not advisable. Not only because of the bad access, but also because there are gaps between the platforms and crowding can be an issue.
Although the time of the last train depends on the station and line, most lines operate between 5am and 11pm with the Airport Express operating from 6am.
Crowding on the subway is inevitable, but can be avoided. Rush hour is quite extended, and runs between about 8 and 9 in the morning, although the subway is still quite busy between 7 and 10 in the morning. In the evening, 6 and 7 are the worst times, although between 5 and 8 it is also still busy. This is especially so for the major transfer stations, which can be really hectic, especially on public holidays. For the most pleasant subway experience, avoid the subway during these times.
Understanding subway etiquette will also make your trip easier. Firstly, there is no personal space, especially during the rush hour. On several of the busy subway lines, people will squeeze into the subway trains as much as they can.
Secondly, there are no real rules to waiting for people to come off the subway before you get on the subway. Although there are arrows and lines on the ground at the platforms, people will crowd on and off how they please, so make sure that you are near the door when you have to get off if you do find yourself on the subway at rush hour, or else you may miss your stop.
Take good care of your personal things because there might be thieves operating, especially in crowded carriages on rush hours.
Line 1 is perfect for visiting the central Beijing attractions, as outlined in this article, because it goes past Tian'anmen Square. To get here, exit at either Tian'anmen East Station or Tian'anmen West Station. From here it is also extremely easy to get to the Beijing Police Museum, and to get to Wangfujing Shopping Street.
Line 2 is great for tourists as it does the whole circle within the city's second ring road. From this subway line, you can get off at Yonghegong Lama Temple Station for the Lama Temple, and get off at Nanluoguxiang or Guoloudajie Station to see the remnants of old Beijing. To get a feel for the Beijing nightlife, get off at Dongzhimen and walk west along Dongzhimen Inner Street, which is also known as Ghost Street, to experience some of Beijing's most popular night time restaurants.
Line 8 was constructed especially for the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008, and is perfect for those keen to visit the Olympic Park and other popular tourist attractions, albeit the line is still expanding. As it is one of the newest lines, you'll notice that is it clean and well ventilated, making the ride one of the more pleasant ones. The line will soon open at the National Art Museum Station, and goes north past various tourist sites: traditional street Nanluoguxiang Station, Hutong neighbourhood Guluodajie Station, the Olympic Sports Center Station, Olympic Green Station, and South Gate of Forest Park Station.
|Line 1||Pingguoyuan–Guchenglu–Bajiao Amusement Park–Babaoshan–Yuquanlu–Wukesong–Wanshoulu–Gongzhufen–Military Museum–Muxidi–Nanlishilu–Fuxingmen–Xidan–Tian'anmen West–Tian'anmen East–Wangfujing–Dongdan–Jianguomen–Yong'anli–Guomao–Dawanglu–Sihui–Sihui Dong|
|Line 2 (Circle Line)||Xizhimen–Chegongzhuang–Fuchengmen–Fuxingmen–Changchunjie–Xuanwumen–Hepingmen–Qianmen–Chongwenmen–Beijing Railway Station–Jianguomen–Chaoyangmen–Dongsishitiao–Dongzhimen–Yonghegong (Yonghe Lama Temple)–Andingmen–Gulou Dajie (Drum Tower Street)–Jishuitan|
|Line 4||Gongyixiqiao–Jiaomenxi–Majiabu–Beijing South Railway Station–Taoranting–Caishikou–Xuanwumen–Xidan–Lingjinghutong–Xisi–Ping'anli–Xijiekou–Xizhimen–Beijing Zoo–National Library–Weigongcun–Renmin University–Haidian Huangzhuang–Zhongguancun– East Gate of Beijing University–Yuanmingyuan (the Summer Palace)–Xiyuan–Beigongmen Anheqiao North|
|Line 5||Tiantongyuan North–Tiantongyuan–Tiantongyuan South–Lishuiqiao–Lishuiqiao South–Beiyuanlu North–Datunlu East–Huixinxijie Beikou–Huixinxijie Nankou–Hepingxiqiao–Hepingli Beijie–Yonghegong (Yonghe Lama Temple)–Beixinqiao–Zhangzizhonglu–Dongsi–Dengshikou–Dongdan–Chongwenmen–Ciqikou–Temple of Heaven (east entrance)–Puhuangyu–Liujiayao–Songjiazhuang|
|Line 6||Caofang–Changying–Huangqu–Dalianpo–Qiannian Road–Shilibao–Jintai Road–Hujialou–Dongdaqiao–Chaoyangmen–Dongxi–Nanluoguxiang (Nanluogu Lane)–Beihai North–Ping'anli–Chegongzhuang–Chegongzhuang West–Baishiqiao South–Huayuanqiao–Cishousi–Haidian Wuluju|
|Line 8||Zhuxinzhuang-Yuzhilu-Huilongguan East Street–Huoying–Xixiaokou–Yongtaizhuang–Lincuiqiao–South Gate of Forest Park–Olympic Park–Olympic Sports Center Stadium–Beitucheng–Anhuaqiao–Guloudajie (Drum Tower Street)-Shichahai-Nanluoguxiang-National Art Museum (Opening Soon)|
|Line 9||National Library–Baishiqiao South–Baiduizi–Beijing West Railway Station–Liuliqiao East–Liuliqiao–Qilizhuang–Fengtai Dongdajie–Fengtainanlu–Keyilu–Fengtai Science Park–Guogongzhuang|
|Line 10||Xiju–Liuliqiao–Lianhuaqiao–Gongzhufen–Xidiaoyutai–Cishousi–Chedaogou–Changchunqiao–Huoqiying–Bagou–Suzhoujie–Haidian Huangzhuang–Zhichunli–Zhichunlu–Xitucheng–Mudanyuan–Jiandemen–Beitucheng–Anzhenmen–Huixin Xijie Nankou–Shaoyaoju–Taiyanggong–Sanyuanqiao–Liangmaqiao–Agriculture Exhibition Center–Tuanjiehu–Hujialou–Jintaixizhao–Guomao–Shuangjing–Jinsong–Panjiayuan–Shilihe–Fenzhongsi–Chengshousi–Songjiazhuang–Shiliuzhuang–Dahongmen–Jiaomen East–Jiaomen West–Caoqiao–Jijiamiao–Shoujingma-Fengtai Railway Station-Niwa|
|Line 15||Fengbo–Shunyi–Shimen–Nanfaxin–Houshayu–Hualikan–Guozhan–Sunhe–Maquanying–Cuigezhuang–Wangjing–Wangjing West|
|Batong Line||Sihui–Sihui East–Gaobidian–Communication University of China–Shuangqiao–Guanzhuang–Bali Qiao–Tongzhoubeiyuan–Guoyuan–Jiuke Shu–Liyuan–Linheli–Tuqiao|
|Changping Line||Nanshao–Shahe University Park–Shahe–Gonghua Cheng–Zhuxinzhuang–Life Science Park–Xierqi|
|Daxing Line||Gongyixiqiao–Xingong–Xihongmen–Gaomidian North–Gaomidian South–Zaoyuan–Qingyuanlu–Huangcunxi Dajie–Huangcun Train Station–Yihezhuang–Biopharmaceutical Industrial Base–Tiangongyuan|
|Fangshan Line||Guogongzhuang–Dabaotai–Daotian–Changyang–Libafang–Guangyang Cheng–Liangxiang University Town North–Liangxiang University Town–Liangxiang University Town West–Liangxiang Nanguan–Suzhuang|
|Yizhuang Line||Songjiazhuang–Xiaocun–Xiaohongmen–Jiugong–Yizhuangqiao–Yizhuang Cultural Park–Wanyuan Jie–Rongjing Dongjie–Rongchang Dongjie–Tongji Nanjie–Jinghailu–Ciqu South–Ciqu-Yizhuang Railway Station (Opening Soon)|